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Central African Republic

Mineral production of both diamond and gold is widespread across the Central African Republic. Estimates from a 2019 study stated the total production of rough diamonds in the CAR could be approximately 187,000 carats per annum, all of which is from ASM1. With an estimated 150,000 - 300,000 people depending on the sector for their livelihood out of a population of 4.6 million, artisanal diamond and gold mining are one of the principal livelihoods in the country. Total annual gold production is estimated to be between two to five tonnes.1


Number of People
Working in ASM

Embed from Getty Images
Gold miners in Ndassima gold mine in the Eastern part of CAR
Getty Images/Thierry Bresilion/Anadolu Agency

In previous years, the CAR government has estimated that 10% of its population, or around 400,000 people, were ASM miners (World Bank 2008, 27). Others were more conservative, citing figures between 50,000 and 100,000 people (Chirico et al. 2010). Recent field studies have estimated figures between those extremes. A 2018 study funded by UNDP and UNICEF estimated 35,000 chefs de chantiers, or claim-holders, and 272,000 workers (Pennes, Moloto, and Betabelet 2018). A 2019 study by IPIS funded by USAID estimated conservatively between 150,000 and 200,000 miners (Jaillon and de Brier 2019, 16). While claiming that 10% of CAR’s population is a miner may be an exaggeration, it could be accurate if one counts miner dependents and mining-related peripheral activities. However, direct employment created by CAR’s ASM sector is likely between 150,000 and 300,000 people, based on the latest research available.

Read more in the Central African Republic Country Profile

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Data Source:

National Exports (KG) by Mineral

ASM accounts for 100% of national exports in CAR

Data Source:


The data presented in this Version 1 of the Delve platform are from secondary sources and reflect data availability on the ASM sector. All data, countries and minerals are not yet represented. Data will be added on an ongoing basis as the global data gap on ASM continues to be filled. Visualizations created with under a Creative Commons (CC) Attribution-NonCommercial license.

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