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2023 State of the ASM Sector report: Survey Data

For the first time in its history, the 2023 State of the Sector report collects primary data with support from Delve data collection partners to systematically detail gender inequalities in ASM. Developed by the Delve team, the 2023 Delve State of Sector Survey was launched in November 2022 comprising three questionnaires targeting three stakeholder groups: government officials, leaders of Women in Mining (WIM) groups and artisanal and small-scale miners.

The primary data collection was supported by Delve contributors, namely local experts and organizations within the Delve networks that are well connected and/or engaged directly with ASM in the country. These networks are an invaluable resource and demonstrate the power of Delve to bring stakeholders together to share data, improve understanding, and advance evidence-based policy making. Local partners—particularly women-led mining networks and associations—play a crucial role collecting data and closing the gender gap.

Government Questionnaire

The Government Questionnaire focused on data gaps relating to how or if gender is mainstreamed in national formalization processes. 13 Officials from 12 countries (Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mongolia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines) responded. They provided information on planned and existing formalization efforts in their countries, if and how gender is mainstreamed, the status of SDG 5 integration, and the barriers to mainstreaming gender in ASM.

View Government Data Dashboard

Women in Mining Questionnaire

The leaders from 11 WIM groups in Ecuador, Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Peru, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe responded to the WIM Questionnaire. The WIM leaders provided information on their organizational capacity to advocate for women in ASM, the gendered impacts of formalization and the barriers to entry for women in ASM. Hearing directly from women in ASM helped fill data gaps relating to the gendered impacts of formalization and the role of WIM groups in improving gender equality in the ASM sector.

View Women in Mining Data Dashboard

Mine Site Questionnaire

The Mine Site Questionnaire was conducted in Bolivia, Guyana, Mongolia, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe, and included questions regarding the direct impacts of formalization on women, wages, gender norms, and societal views on women in ASM and how women and men participate in the ASM value chain. These answers provided insight into the experience of miners relating to formalization and gender. A total of 1,907 participants (840 women and 1,067 men) from across the ASM value chain and working in 16 commodities (chrome, colored gemstones, copper, diamonds, fluorspar, gold, lead, limestone, mineral, lithium, sand, silver, stone aggregate, tantalum (coltan), tin (cassiterite), tungsten (wolframite) and zinc) participated in the Mine Site Questionnaire.

View Mine Site Data Dashboard

2023 State of ASM Sector

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