2023 State of the ASM Sector report Explore Delve's new report on ASM's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality


Rachel Perks is a mining specialist with the Extractive Industries practice of the World Bank. Prior to joining the World Bank, she worked and lived for 12 years in the Horn and Central Africa. She has worked on managing the transition from conflict to peace in countries where natural resources have played a role in conflict, and may equally play a catalytic role in state building. She has spent considerable time in particular in the Great Lakes region, working directly on mining development and reform programs in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Her PhD was on the formalization of the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector in Rwanda, and the impacts that the regional mineral initiatives have brought to bear on Rwanda's domestic mineral economic agenda.

Resource Library Contributions

2019 State of the Artisanal and Small Scale Mining Sector

Author: G Hilson, J McQuilken, R Perks
Publisher: World Bank
Publication Year: 1969

The 2019 State of the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Sector report showcases data contributions made to Delve and demonstrates the potential for a deeper sector analysis when stakeholders share data. As the inaugural report of a planned annual series, the 2019 edition explores the origins and impact of what is identified...

2019 Country Profile: Morocco

Author: R. Perks
Publisher: World Bank
Publication Year: 1969

Country Profile of Morocco from 2019 State of the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Sector report produced by Delve....

I loan, you mine: Metal streaming and off-take agreements as solutions to undercapitalisation facing small-scale miners?

Author: Perks, Rachel
Publisher: The Extractive Industries and Society

In sub-Saharan Africa, the last two decades of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) legislative reforms resulted in significant uptake of ASM licenses across ASM environments. Yet, despite marked improvements in security of tenure, informality persists in many of those same environments, prompting academics and practition...