2023 State of the ASM Sector report Explore Delve's new report on ASM's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality

An Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 on ASM Communities And The New Opportunities

COVID-19 had significant impacts on the lives and livelihoods of the males and females involved in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in KBK region in India. The impact of prolonged lockdown during COVID-19 was felt in declining household income and consumption pattern, increasing household food stress, reduced access and affordability to health care provisions. Those disproportionately affected were the lactating and pregnant women and adolescent girls due to non-availability of critically needed health care provisions. The prolonged long down and confinement at home for over 7 months led to increasing incidences of unwanted pregnancy, rising gender based violence including incidences of domestic violence, incidences of forced labor, child marriages, incidences of sexual harassments, incidences of human trafficking. ASM people encountered increasing vulnerability of the spread of the virus due to congested living space to maintain social distance inside households and in communities. These were further aggravated by loss of employment, livelihood and a complete disruption of supply chain to avail essential commodities. In spite of the negativities, COVID-19 has given us greater capacity and capability to reset, reposition and even repurpose our health, education and livelihood activities and application of communication technology.

Additional Info

Publication Year
Associated Partners
World Bank
Publishing Institution Webpage
Data Source Classification
Program Report
Research Type
Research Methodology
Thematic Tags
Economic, Access to Markets, Business Models, Export, Income, COVID-19
Colored Gemstones, Gold
South Asia
Last Updated
September 23, 2022