2023 State of the ASM Sector report Explore Delve's new report on ASM's contribution to Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM)

This global report was written under the POLINARES Consortium. POLINARES was a project designed to help identify the main global challenges relating to competition for access to resources, and to propose new approaches to collaborative solutions.

High-commodity value metals such as gold, tin and tantalum, are especially linked to ASM, which significantly adds to their world supply. The artisanal and small-scale mining sector, which provides livelihood for millions of people in the world, is part of the informal and often illegal trading chain of minerals. Mining in Central Africa has been associated with violent conflict, mistreatment of artisanal miners, illegal trading and the diversion of state funds. Resource-related conflicts are especially relevant for African countries. Tantalum is an example of a mineral fuelling local conflict when functioning state institutions are absent.

Additional Info

U. Dorner, G. Franken, M. Liedtke, H. Sievers
Publication Year
Associated Partners
POLINARES Consortium 2012
Publishing Institution Webpage
Research Type
Thematic Tags
Political, Conflict, Due Diligence, Traceability, and Transparency, Formalization, Governance, Supply Chains, Economic, Access to Markets, Market Linkages, Social, Employment, Human Rights, Labor and Working Conditions, Livelihoods, Legal, Laws and Regulations, Licensing, Mineral Rights
Gold, Tantalum, Tin
Global, Global/Multi-Region
Last Updated
July 16, 2019